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Spending in school education stagnant across states: Study

Business Standard

  • 22nd December 2016

The total budgetary spending on school education in the country has remained stagnant at 2.7 per cent of since the last four financial years, a recent study said.

"Of the 2.68 per cent of in 2015-16, elementary education accounted for 1.55 per cent and secondary education was allocated 0.9 per cent of with the remaining being spent on school-education as a whole," it said.

According to the study, the 'per child' budgetary spending in states varied from Rs 8,526 per annum (in Bihar) to Rs 18,035 per annum (in Maharashtra) in 2015-16, while the 'per student' budgetary spending varied from Rs 9,583 (in Bihar) to Rs 28,630 (in Maharashtra) in 2014-15.

Protiva Kundu of CBGA, the lead author of the study, said teachers' salary constitute the largest share of school education budget in all states (ranging between 52 per cent to 80 per cent).

States like Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha, which have large numbers of vacancies for teachers, are spending less than 60 per cent of their school education budget on teachers' salary, Kundu said.

Teachers' salary is not the reason for under-funding in other important areas. Rather, it is the overall deficiency of budgetary resources for school education in most of the states that is at the root of the problem, the study reveals.

"The overall deficiency in public financing of school education is not only responsible for the gaps in coverage and quality of education through government schools, it is also a major factor underlying the weak linkages between budget outlays and educational outcomes in poorer states," Komal Ganotra of CRY (Child Rights and You) said.

"Private schools too are an important beneficiary of government financing for school education. The study shows how significant proportions of budgetary spending on school education are channelised towards government-aided and unaided private schools," she said.(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)