Adaptation to Climate Change in India: A Study of Union Budgets
India is immensely vulnerable to climate change. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) 2008 enumerates several policy measures that the government intends to undertake for adaptation to climate change. NAPCC claims that the Central government spending on adaptation exceeds 2.6 percent of GDP as of 2006-07. However, it does not provide details of programmes / schemes considered for adaptation measures. Given this backdrop, this study was conducted with the support of Oxfam India to review the framework of adaptation to climate change in India and estimate the public resources devoted to this key area. The study has highlighted a set of parameters for evaluating government budgets in the country from the lens of climate change and it has also tried to measure, based on those parameters, the responsiveness of Union Budgets to the adaptation needs emerging from climate change.